All negotiations under the United Nations system, regardless of scope or space, share a few characteristics. They are, for the most part, participatory spaces in which any country can get involved and therefore offer an opportunity for any delegation to voice the position of the government they represent. They are also spaces in which the main stakeholders are governments, since the expected result is that commitments are assumed and translated into policies and actions at the national levels. Lastly, they are spaces in which the participation of governments depends heavily on the limited number of representatives that are part of their delegation and who, to a large extent, are directly responsible for the performance and presence of their country in each conference.

Knowledge and insights about these spaces and their functioning is essential to negotiators and countries.

This guide was prepared by Andrés Mogro from Fundación Avina and translated into three languages by the Impulsouth project.

The material provides key information to follow the UNFCCC negotiations process and the negotiation groups. At the same time, it provides a series of tips to negotiators as well as an analysis of the existing challenges for developing country negotiators.